What is total joint replacement, and when is it an appropriate solution?
Total joint replacement is most often utilized in the treatment of chronic hip, shoulder, and/or knee injuries. While a single traumatic event may contribute to this need, gradual wear-and-tear also plays a role in some treatment cases. Total joint replacement is recommended when commonplace activities are rendered unbearable or impossible, and less invasive techniques prove ineffective.
During each of these procedures, Dr. Hartman utilizes the placement of a prosthetic device to successfully restore joint function and health range of motion. Based on your specific needs and the level of surgical intervention employed, a regimen of physical therapy will be prescribed for on-going performance improvement.
As with many medical approaches, total joint replacement has undergone decades of technique and procedure advancement, allowing for improved prognoses and care for today’s patients.
Total joint replacement is only considered if non-surgical procedures, such as medications, physical therapy, and rest, fail to alleviate joint pain. This procedure is most commonly seen in the hip and knee joints; however, it can be performed in other joints, including the ankle, foot, shoulder, elbow, or fingers.
What is Sports Medicine?
Sports medicine is a branch of medicine that focuses on the treatment and prevention of sports injuries. The most common sport medicine injuries include: ACL and meniscus tears in the knee, and rotator cuff and Labral tears in the shoulder. However, sports medicine is not limited to shoulder and knee joints. It also includes procedural treatments of the elbow, wrist, and ankles.
Dr. Hartman specializes in sports medicine prevention and treatment, using cutting edge technologies and procedures such as minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery.
What is arthritis and what are the different forms of this disease?
Arthritis is a disease in which the joint becomes inflamed, causing a great deal of pain to the patient. As daily activities cannot be performed pain free, arthritis is a major cause of lost work time and serious disability for many adults and younger patients.
Arthritis comes in several different forms; however, the most common are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is the most common form, as it is the result of overuse, trauma, or degeneration of the joint cartilage. In this type of arthritis, the cartilage covering the end of the bones gradually wears away and causes the bones to rub against each other.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a long lasting disease that affects many parts of the body, but mainly the joints. In this form of arthritis, the patient’s immune system begins to produce substances that attack the body. The joint lining swells, invading surrounding tissues. Additionally, chemical substances attach and destroy the joint surface. This form of arthritis affects large and small joints in the body, as well as the spine. The main symptoms include swelling, pain, and stiffness.
Post-traumatic arthritis is very similar to osteoarthritis, as it can develop years after a fracture, ligament injury, or meniscus tear.
What is minimally invasive surgery?
Minimally invasive surgery is any surgery that has minimal invasive effects on the patient’s body. Often patients benefit from MIS surgeries, which allow for quicker recovery with less scarring. Minimally invasive surgeries are usually performed to treat the following problems:
- Meniscus repair
- Rotator cuff reconstruction
- Labral tear repair
- ACL reconstruction
Dr. Hartman will initially treat the patient with non-surgical procedures; however, if those fail to alleviate joint pain, surgical intervention might be necessary.
What approaches does Dr. Hartman utilize in the treatment of knee pain?
Dr. Hartman specializes in treating a broad range of knee injuries and ailments, prescribing care according to situational severity and unique patient considerations. Common knee injuries include, but are not limited to:
- Meniscal tears
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears
Depending on your specific treatment need, Dr. Hartman may recommend an arthroscopic or total replacement procedure. If possible, non-invasive or minimally invasive techniques will be prescribed for implementation.
What is robotic surgery, and when is it an appropriate surgical solution?
Robotic surgery relies on computer technology in the delivery of controlled, precise surgical treatments. GPS technology is used in the assessment of the joint area, allowing the operating surgeon to track, analyze, and monitor all procedural details. In cases of hip and knee replacement, use of this data allows the surgical team to manipulate cutting blocks within half a degree (plus or minus).
Not only does robotic surgery better support the use of minimally invasive surgical techniques, other benefits include:
- Decreased bone exposure and blood loss
- Reduced post-op downtime
- Reduced recovery time
- Decreased scarring
What are Dr. Hartman’s other surgical specialties?
While Dr. Hartman specializes in total joint replacement, he also has expertise and training in the following arenas:
- Computer Assisted Surgery (Robotic Surgery)
- Rotator cuff and meniscal tear repair
In all procedural and treatment cases, patient comfort and recovery success are emphasized through the use of advanced techniques and on-going care.