Meniscal Tear Surgery in Burnsville, Minnesota
We constantly use our knees for many different tasks throughout the day, but our dependence on the knee joint can lead to crippling injuries. Walking, jogging, running, climbing, accelerating, and decelerating place stress on the knee joint. Mobility can suffer tremendously when an injury or trauma makes bending the knee painful.
Dr. Robert Hartman has developed a reputation as one of the most trusted orthopedic surgeons in the Burnsville, Minneapolis area and is an expert in a variety of surgeries to repair the knee joint and restore a full range of motion. These specialized treatments and procedures include minimally invasive knee replacement, computer assisted knee replacement surgery, unicompartmental, and partial knee replacement surgeries.
Dr. Hartman also specializes in arthroscopic knee surgery, which is used to treat meniscal tears, a common knee injury. Athletes are at the highest risk of a meniscal tear, especially those that play contact sports. Nonathletic individuals can also experience a meniscal tear occurring during an injury or other traumatic event.
The knee joint is formed by the intersection of three bones — the femur, or thighbone, tibia, or shinbone, and the patella, or kneecap. Muscles, tendons, ligaments, and cushioning tissue, surround this trio of bones. Two wedge-shaped discs of cartilage, called the menisci, form a cushioning layer between the shinbone and thighbone, absorbing the pressure and shocks created by walking or running.
A tear to one or both of the meniscus discs can destabilize the knee joint, cause considerable pain, and limit mobility. There are five common types of meniscal tears: longitudinal, bucket handle, flap, transverse, and torn horn. Each variety represents a different variation in the size, location and severity of the tear. Meniscal tears that occur as a result of sports related activities often accompany other types of sports injuries, such as anterior cruciate ligament tears (ACL tears).
Depending on the type and location of the tear, damage to the meniscus can sometimes heal on its own or benefit from nonsurgical treatments. The RICE method — Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation — can, in combination with over the counter anti-inflammatory drugs, constitute an effective treatment for some meniscal tears. If those treatments do not work or if the tear is the result of a sudden trauma, arthroscopic surgery is used to repair the damage.